Getting a stable yield of sweet peppers in a greenhouse can only be done with proper care. High-quality watering of plants after planting seedlings and before harvesting is an important component of it.
- Factors on which the harvest depends
- What types of watering are used
- How often to water the pepper
- Greenhouse watering in greenhouse
- What water to use
- How to water in the heat
- Combination with dressings
- Watering sweet peppers in a glass greenhouse
Factors on which the yield of pepper depends
The success of growing any crop cannot depend on one factor, but watering sweet peppers in a greenhouse can be considered one of the most important components of care.
The second factor is air humidity, which largely depends on the frequency of moisture introduction, the material from which the greenhouse is made and the quality of ventilation.
Too moist soil and air will also negatively affect the development of the plant itself and its yield, and increase the risk of developing fungal diseases.
What types of watering are used
Watering sweet peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse is carried out in different ways.
We will indicate them in the table.
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Turning on and off is automatic, turning on and off the water supply is carried out using sensors set for a certain time.
A remote control or a centralized power supply is used for control
Less perfect. You will need to ensure a constant supply of water to the system.
You will need to adjust the water pressure yourself.
Correct connection to a water source (well, well, centralized water supply system) will allow you to get an automated water supply, which does not require careful monitoring and manual adjustment.
It is produced using buckets, watering cans or a hose connected to a water source.
When using a hose, it is advisable to use a diffusion nozzle, because you can wash the roots with water pressure.
All work is done manually
The most rational option is to use an automatic system. In the process of preparation, it will be necessary to calculate the daily moisture requirement of the plant at a certain stage of development.
This question is quite important, since there are several options for introducing water with automatic irrigation:
The requirements for the quality of pipes and models of nozzles depend on the option chosen. For watering peppers and seedlings, intra-soil irrigation is rarely used, because not all varieties are especially moisture-loving, and excess moisture can negatively affect the development of plants.
The use of a drip system provides undeniable advantages, it is more economical in terms of water consumption, which is supplied directly to the roots of the plant. Excessive air humidity, which is observed during sprinkling, can lead to the development of fungal diseases.
Let's watch a video on how to make do-it-yourself drip irrigation in a greenhouse:
How often to water the pepper
First, let us recall how the soil for seedlings is moistened: depending on the air temperature in the room and its dryness, it is recommended to water the seedlings after 2-3 days.
After transplanting the seedlings into the greenhouse, the garden bed is poured, while making sure that the plants do not squint, the stems should stand straight. The next watering is done in a week. Water is used standing, with a temperature not lower than +23 + 25 C.
Sprinkling on a sunny day is not recommended, water droplets will work as lenses, the light refracting in them can cause burns on the sheets.
Moisten the soil in the evening, or early in the morning, before sunrise. Upon completion, it is advisable to ventilate the greenhouse well.
Let's watch an interesting video about watering sweet peppers in a greenhouse after planting:
Watering pepper in a greenhouse: basic rules
Watering sweet peppers in a greenhouse after planting seedlings requires the right approach:
- During the period of active growth, before flowering, it is carried out 2-3 times a week.
- Since the plant is self-pollinated, during the flowering period, water is introduced only to the root zone; washing off the pollen during sprinkling will negatively affect the number of ovaries.
- In the process of forming the ovaries - cut up to 2 times a week.
- After the appearance of the fruits and until the end of their harvesting, the plants should be watered once every 7 days.
A secret from experienced vegetable growers: you can accelerate the ripening of peppers by stopping the soil moisture for 10-12 days.
To prevent excessive evaporation of moisture and prevent the formation of a crust, the garden bed is mulched; dry or fresh grass, straw, sawdust can be used as mulch.
If the soil is not mulched, it will need to be systematically loosened. It should be borne in mind that the roots of the plant are located close to the surface, the soil must be processed carefully so as not to harm the plant.
When growing without mulching, they also practice watering the plants in a funnel, which is done on one side, close to the bush. After the water completely enters the ground, the funnel is filled up.
The volume of applied water is from 1 to 1.2 liters for each plant. The liquid is used warm. If the question arises of what to choose: abundant watering and more frequent, with the introduction of less moisture, then the latter should be preferred.
In relation to pepper, you can apply "dry watering", which is a thorough loosening of the soil. But they can be used periodically, it is impossible to completely replace the introduction of water with them.
What water to use
You can use any water to water the bell peppers in the greenhouse. If the water is tap water treated with chlorine, then it needs to be defended throughout the day. The best option is to use rainwater or from a well.
Before watering, the water should be warmed up to a temperature of +22 +25 C, it is most convenient to install a large container in the greenhouse and replenish the liquid reserves in it as it is consumed.
To soften hard water, wood ash is infused in it, at the rate of 0.5 cups per bucket of water.
How to water in the heat
In conditions of extreme heat, it is not recommended to increase watering frequency, the optimal frequency is once every two days. From high humidity at high temperatures, the threat of the development of putrefactive processes in the roots will increase. So that the plant does not experience stress, the water must have a temperature of + 19 C and above.
Lack of moisture causes stiffness of the stems, while the fruits are crushed, the yield decreases.
Combining top dressing of bell pepper with watering
Soil poor in nutrients and minerals will not allow you to get a rich harvest. Therefore, systematic plant nutrition should be made, which can be combined with watering.
You can add complex mineral fertilizers, mullein or herb infusions. Passion for organic fertilizing can lead to excessive growth of green mass, branching of bushes, but to the detriment of yield. Both leaf and root dressings are used.
Watering sweet peppers in a glass greenhouse
When making a glass greenhouse on your own, preference should be given to glasses with a thickness exceeding 5 mm. The features of this material allow you to create a structure that does not provoke the accumulation of condensate on the walls.
The even distribution of moisture throughout the greenhouse allows you to reduce the number of irrigations and obtain significant water savings. Thanks to these features, glass greenhouses are very popular with summer residents.
Watering sweet peppers in the greenhouse after transplanting varies depending on the stage of development of the plant. When planning the care of a plant, one should not forget that excess moisture for bell peppers can be just as harmful as lack of moisture.