Many indoor plants bloom in summer and autumn, but in winter there are not enough bright colors that would please the eye.
However, there is a flower that is known to many as Christmas or Decembrist, it blooms precisely in winter, in the coldest months.
The plant is quite capricious and needs proper care, for example, a timely transplant. Now we will find out how to transplant a Decembrist at home, and what is needed for this.
- Decembrist, description of the plant and photo
- How to transplant a Decembrist at home
- Preparing the soil, choosing a pot for Schlumberger
- The best time to transplant, is it possible to transplant during flowering
- How to transplant an adult Decembrist
- How to plant a Decembrist process
- Do I need a Decembrist transplant after purchase
- Sluggish leaves of the Decembrist - how to reanimate a plant
- Why does the Decembrist not bloom
Decembrist, description of the plant and photo
The Decembrist came to us from Brazil, where moist forests are conducive to its growth and reproduction. This plant has 17 names, one of them is Schlumberger or Zygocactus.
This flower is also considered a variety of cactus, but the difference is that it has no thorns, so characteristic of this family.
- The branches of the Decembrist are green, flattened and hang down neatly.
- The inflorescences are arranged in tiers, and have the following colors: cream, lavender, raspberry, red, orange, pink.
A special feature of the Christmas tree is that it blooms when the rest of the plants are dormant.
The root system is weak and fragile, but the roots quickly recover and strengthen after damage.
If properly cared for, this houseplant shouldn't be a big problem or hassle.
How to transplant a Decembrist at home
The goal of any transplant is to renew the soil to make room for the growing root system and to saturate it with nutrients.
To transplant a zygocactus, it is important to know a few nuances:
- The first transplant should be done after purchasing the plant in the store. In the future, this procedure is carried out depending on the age of the flower. Young shoots should be replanted every year, adults every three years, and large and older bushes need replanting every five years.
- Do not break the frequency, as frequent replanting can lead to a weakening of the root system and leaf fall.
- For the procedure, you need to use slightly acidic soil and a wide flowerpot.
- After the completion of the transplant, you cannot put the flower pot on the window on the South or West side. The plant is too weak and burns from direct sunlight.
However, these are not all recommendations that are important to consider.
Preparing the soil, choosing a pot for Schlumberger
A flowerpot or pot should be chosen shallow, but wide. The width allows the roots to grow freely, the shallow depth does not allow excess water to accumulate and waterlogging in the soil. Several drainage holes must be present in the pot.
It is better to buy soil in the store, specially prepared for growing cacti.
The substrate must meet the following requirements:
- be loose, airy;
- slightly acidic;
- saturated with organic substances and minerals.
You can also prepare the necessary soil at home.
Mixes in the same volume:
- leafy soil;
- sod soil.
Crushed coal is added for disinfection, and expanded clay and brick chips are added to the bottom of the pot for water permeability.
The soil is poured into the prepared flowerpot, a small depression is made in the center, a shoot is inserted and watered abundantly with water.
The further condition and health of the plant depends on the observance of these recommendations.
The best time to transplant, is it possible to transplant during flowering
Schlumberger is very sensitive, especially during flowering. Any changes can lead to dropping of the buds and damage to the rhizome. Therefore, it is impossible to transplant during the flowering period.
The best period for this is spring, when all the flowers fall on their own. By the spring, the soil is depleted, and updating the mail will be very relevant.
In addition, after transplanting, the flower has another six months in order to strengthen, and light and heat in the summer will saturate the foliage and prepare it for new inflorescences.
If it was not possible to carry out the procedure in the spring, you can perform it in the fall, several months before the appearance of the first buds, but no later.
In case of urgent need, when it comes to saving the Decembrist, you can transplant at any time, but then flowers should not be expected this year.
How to transplant an adult Decembrist
For an adult Decembrist, the transshipment method is used.
You need to act in accordance with the following instructions:
- A dry and clean pot is taken, a couple of centimeters larger than the previous one.
- Disinfected, fresh soil is being prepared.
- New drainage is being made. Expanded clay can be used from under other plants, but before use it must be processed, washed and dried.
- A third of the container is covered with a drainage layer. To make it lie evenly, you need to shake the pot slightly and knock on it.
- Specialized soil, one centimeter thick, is poured out and leveled.
- You need to spread a newspaper or film on the floor. Take a Decembrist with a flowerpot, gently fluff the soil around the edges without touching the root system.
- Holding the trunk, turn the flower over to the floor and slowly remove it from the container.
- Shake off the soil from the roots, but only the soil that is removed without effort.
- If the roots were not damaged, then the roots, together with the earth, are lowered into a new pot.
The plant is filled with substrate until all roots are covered. To avoid emptiness, you need to tap the pot during this process. It is also important that the stem is level.
The soil is compacted gently. If this work is done roughly, you can injure the root system.
The soil is watered abundantly, if necessary, the soil is filled up, but it is impossible for the soil to be filled to the edges of the pot.
Let's watch a video on how to transplant a Decembrist at home:
How to plant a Decembrist process
Before planting the shoot, you need to carry out some manipulations:
- Option one. You can place the stalk in a container with water, preferably lukewarm. The shoot should not be all in water, but half. After a week, a maximum of 2, the first roots will begin to form, now the shoot is ready for transplanting into solid soil.
- Option two. To begin with, the stalk is kept in water for three days, and then planted in a special substrate. This will help the scion take root. From above, the stalk is closed with a jar, you can replace it with a bag or a special bag. Raise the jar for a couple of hours daily to ventilate. When the Decembrist releases the roots, the plastic or the can is removed. To understand that the root system has formed, new stems will allow.
The plant is now ready to be transplanted into a flowerpot. Everything is done in accordance with the instructions for adult Decembrists. You can place several shoots in one pot at the same time.
Let's watch a video about transplanting processes and reproduction of the Decembrist:
Do I need a Decembrist transplant after purchase
After the purchase, a transplant is required, since other soil is used for transportation, which is not intended for further growing the plant. If the transplant is not performed, the flower will begin to wither and subsequently die. You need to transplant immediately after the zygocactus fades.
Along with the purchase of a flower, you need to purchase a specialized land, which will contain the necessary nutrient minerals.
The procedure is carried out as follows:
- With gentle movements, the flower is removed from the container.
- Particles of old soil are crushed from the roots.
- The roots are examined for any damage.
- Sore or injured places are cut off. Then the roots must be rinsed and dried, and the cuts must be treated with crushed coal.
- Take the flowerpot necessary in size and do everything taking into account the technology of the planned transplant.
Sluggish leaves of the Decembrist - how to reanimate a plant
Sluggish leaves in most cases indicate a flower infection.
Most of all, zygocactus suffers from such diseases:
- late blight;
These diseases affect the root system, ultimately the connection between the underground and aboveground parts is lost. Even with proper watering and care, the flower does not receive the necessary nutrients and the leaves begin to wither.
If you do not provide timely assistance, the plant will slowly die.
To reanimate a plant, you need to follow simple rules:
- Regularly examine the Decembrist in order to timely see the damaged areas and disease.
- If you start treatment at the initial stage, then the flower may not suffer at all.
Fungicidal preparations are used for the lethargy of the leaves, which allow to destroy the infection, the most effective are:
With these preparations, you need to process the leaves and roots of the flower. If, after processing, changes in the positive direction did not occur, the Decembrist is transplanted into a new healthy soil, and the treatment is repeated again.
Why does the Decembrist not bloom
The absence of inflorescences can occur for the following reasons:
|Lack of light||Although the Christmas tree does not like direct sunlight, this does not mean that he needs to be completely removed from the light. You can put the pot on a windowsill, where the sun hits for a couple of hours during the day.|
|Lack of watering||If the flower does not receive enough water during the summer, the stem and root will not have time to harden. The flower does not have enough strength and energy to eject the buds.|
|Lack of nutrients.||When the season changes, it is necessary to fertilize the zygocatus with special fertilizers; each season has its own top dressing.|
Sometimes a plant stops blooming if it is often rearranged from one place to another. It is better to decide in advance on the place and leave it alone, without even making the turns of the flowerpot.
So, transplanting a Decembrist does not require special skills and is not difficult. The main thing is to do everything in accordance with the instructions and be careful with the root system of the plant.
An important factor is the time of transplantation; the procedure cannot be carried out during the flowering period. The best option for transplanting is early spring.