Strawberries can be safely ranked among the most useful berries. It is a perennial herb. Strawberries are a high-yielding crop. On one plot of land, it can be grown for 4-5 years.
- Choosing soil for strawberries
- Fertilizing strawberries
Choosing soil for strawberries
The choice of soil for planting strawberries is not a particularly important point, since it grows successfully almost everywhere, with the exception of dry sands and wetlands. But strawberries yield a good harvest on light, breathable, sufficiently nutritious and moist soils. It is important to remember that whatever the soil is, it must be watered abundantly. After all, the roots of strawberries do not go deep, and this berry will react to a lack of moisture with a bad harvest or even death. But over-watering and stagnant water are destructive. Subsurface waters should be at an approximate distance of 70 - 80 cm from the surface of the earth.
The site itself should not be low, otherwise, during the rains, the water will stagnate, and the roots will begin to rot.
The best choice for planting strawberries would be a designated area, with little possible shade at noon and, as mentioned, no low areas or depressions. But if the situation does not allow to allocate a separate area for berries, then you can successfully keep it between the rows of a small garden.
To obtain high yields, it is necessary to pay special attention to the pre-planting preparation of the soil and the site. The soil should be dug deeply, the area should be cleaned of possible pests (wireworms and grubs are the main enemies of strawberries), and the soil should be weeded and weeds removed. The depth of digging is selected depending on the type of soil: 28 - 30 cm on chernozems and podzolized soils, 20 - 22 cm on sod-podzolic soils.
The deeper the digging, the better the conditions for the germination of strawberries.
The root system will be able to develop without difficulty and absorb more nutrients and elements, which will have a good effect on the quality of the crop and the resistance of plants. If planting is done in spring, then the soil is dug up in the fall, and if planting is in autumn, then 15 to 20 days before it. During digging, organic fertilizers such as peat, compost, manure are added to the soil, in the amount of 3-4 centners per one hundredth of a hectare.
It will be very useful to apply mineral fertilizers. The calculation is made per one hundredth of a hectare, depending on the type of soil: 3-4 kg of superphosphate, 1.5-2 kg of ammonium nitrate, 1.5 kg of potassium salt - for sod-podzolic soils, 2-3 kg of superphosphate, 1 kg of ammonium saltpeter, 1 kg of potassium salt - for chernozems and podzolized soils. If fertilizers are produced simultaneously with mineral and organic substances, then all rates are halved. Excessive fertilization can harm the quality of the crop, since strawberries, absorbing excess fertilizers, will grow vigorously, while fruiting will deteriorate. If the selected area for planting strawberries is fertile, then you should not add fertilizers.
How to fertilize garden strawberries
Fertilizers are exactly the factor that will help ensure high fertility of strawberries, as well as good plant growth. Composts, humus, ash, bird droppings, and various minerals are chosen as fertilizers.
According to the long-term practice of gardeners, we can say that if strawberries were fertilized before planting, then for the first two years this is quite enough and it is not worth fertilizing the plants during this period.
When the condition of the plants is quite good and the bushes look strong, as well as when the soil is fertile enough, fertilizers begin to be applied in the second or third year after planting. Fertilizers should be evenly distributed between rows and under bushes, then sprinkled with earth a little. Autumn fertilization gives the best results. If the land was not fertilized in the fall, then this process can be postponed to early spring by adding fertilizer still under the frozen soil.
If the land has not been fertilized during the year, then fertilizing is done with manure solution or bird droppings. Such dressing is done before the flowering of strawberries and before the ripening of berries. The slurry is diluted with water one to three. The resulting solution is poured into the grooves between the bushes. For one hundredth of a hectare, 3-4 buckets of undiluted slurry are introduced, poultry droppings - 5-7 kg. Mineral fertilizers are applied in quantities: phosphorus - 1 kg, nitrogen - 0.5 kg, potash - 0.4 kg. After fertilization, the grooves are watered with water at the rate of 2-3 buckets per linear meter and filled up. It is worth refusing to feed in hot dry weather, it will not benefit the plants, but it can burn them.